Food and Diabetes

Food groupsDietary Advice for people with Type 2 Diabetes

When you have Type 2 diabetes your nutritional needs are the same as everyone else—no special foods or complicated diets are needed. The key to eating well with diabetes is eating regularly, watching your serving size and following a healthy eating plan that is low in refined sugars and fat. This means choosing lower fat options when eating meat, poultry, dairy products and spreads, enjoying a good variety of fresh fruit and vegetables, getting the majority of your energy from unrefined and whole grain starches (e.g. potatoes and wholegrain bread and cereals) and keeping high sugar, high fat foods as treats only. You need more than 40 different nutrients for good health and no single food supplies them all.
Eating a wide variety of foods is the key to ensuring that you get all the nutrients you need. Our “Healthy eating for people with type diabetes booklet” is an easy-to-read guide which has been prepared specifically for people with type 2 diabetes and for those waiting to see a dietitian, however the booklet provides useful guidance for everyone interested in developing healthy eating habits.

Useful resources:
Healthy eating for people with type 2 diabetes booklet 
Getting active for better health


  • Food Groups

    Food is categorised into different groups such as carbohydrates, sugars, fat, protein. Learn more about them here.

    Read More
  • Portion Sizes

    How much you can eat in order to maintain a healthy weight is determined by your age, gender and general level of activity but there are general guidelines as to how many servings of each food group a person should have.

    Read More
  • Understanding food labels

    Food labels will give us details such as the weight of the item and the best-before-date. 

    Read More
  • Glycaemic Index (GI)

    Glycaemic Index (GI) is a way of ranking carbohydrate foods based on the rate at which they raise blood glucose levels.

    Read More
  • Weight Loss

    Great, you have made a decision that will help you stay healthy and may actually reduce your need for diabetes medications. The goal is to lose body fat, not water and definitely not muscle.

    Read More
  • Water

    Water is necessary for your body to digest and absorb vitamins and nutrients. It also detoxifies the liver and kidneys, and carries away waste from the body. And when it comes to digestion, it can’t happen without water.

    Read More
  • Diabetic Foods

    Statement The concept of ‘diabetic’ foods or a ‘diabetic’ diet has long since been replaced by guidelines on healthy food choices and individualised advice on eating habits for each person with diabetes. Like the rest of the population, people with diabetes are encouraged to eat a diet low in saturated fat, sugar and salt, with... View Article

    Read More
  • Recipes

    These recipes have been adapted from safefood with information tailored to those with Diabetes.

    Read More